"It's required a lot of really unique techniques to even find a lot of these new springs," Ms Pearce said.
"When they're brand new, they don't look like much at all.
"Sometimes they're a little puddle of mud about the size of a shoe print, which is why they can be so difficult to find … a lot of them were found just by stumbling across them."
More than 70 macroinvertebrate species have been found flourishing, thanks to ecological surveys that identified a growing presence in the springs.
Ms Pearce said she and the rest of the team were delighted to find a small number of those species that were potentially previously unidentified.
Aquatic macroinvertebrates, like dragonfly larvae, mosquito larvae, beetles and snails, are small insects in their nymph and larval stages that live in water for all or most of their lives.
She said further work was being done to identify those species.
"It's really important to look after them," she said.
Flood and rains replenishing basin
The Great Artesian Basin is usually replenished, or recharged, on the eastern side of the basin, west of the Great Dividing Range, where water permeates through the surface to the deepest parts of the basin.
David Robinson, Geoscience Australia's head of basin systems, said there had been significant recharging this year.
"The high levels of rainfall that we've had over the past six months is absolutely recharging the groundwater systems across the entire region," Dr Robinson said.
"Many dryland rivers that are dry suddenly start to flow and they will channel water across the surface of the earth.
"At various points along their journey, some water will leak down again into these shallow aquifers … they're recharging groundwater at different layers.
"That does vary from location to location … so, in order to get to the deeper part it has to be rainfall on those mountains [Great Dividing Range]."
Protecting the springs
There's no guarantee, however, that the emerging springs will remain viable so, as Ms Pearce explained, protecting them was crucial.
"We ourselves are in a strong learning process because this is such a unique occurrence," she said.
"We're still getting to understand the best way to manage the springs, but the important thing is that there does need to be some sort of management.
"They shouldn't be locked up and forgotten about … they do need to be actively managed."
Ms Pearce said the threat of weeds and pests often obstructed the development of the springs, but control work done by DCQ had helped to find springs where they otherwise would not have been seen.
"Some of them have grown and developed quite quickly as we've removed some of the threats — weeds and pigs," she said.
"The weed control works … it's been really, really critical to the health of the emerging springs."